City of Rousse
Location and advantages
Rousse is a Bulgarian city situated on the border with Romania. It is the fifth-largest city in the country. The Rousse port is the biggest one on the Danube river. A bridge, called the Roussse – Giurgiu Friendship Bridge, over the river connects Rousse with Bucurest – the Romanian capital.
Rousse has an important role in the economic life of the country. Bucurest – the capital of Romania – is situated 70 km. to the north of the city.
– Bucurest – 70 km.
– Varna – 180 km.
– Burgas – 250 km.
– Sofia – 300 km.
History of Russe
- The first pharmacy was opened
- In 1867 The first railway was established.
- In 1876 The first brewery was opened
- In 1881 The first iron ship was built
- In 1881 The first private bank and insurance company were established
- In 1881 The first naval school was open which was later relocated in 1900 in Varna
- In 1883 The first meteorological station was built
- The first Chamber of commerce and industry was open
- In 1891 the first insurance group was created
- In 1896 the first hand moved elevator in Bulgaria was built
- In 1897 The first motion pictures in the country were shown in Rousse
The most interesting fact regarding the city of Rousse is perhaps its elegant historical architecture interwoven with modern architecture in a stylish way. Due to its unique buildings, the city has become known as “The little Vienna” since the beginning of the 20 century.
The Profitable House was built in 1902 by the architects Raul Brank, Georg Lang, and Frank Scholz. At first it was intended to be the profitable house of the city’s school board, which is reminded by the figure of Mercury – the Greek god of trade. With its pronounced impressiveness the building has turned into the emblem of the European architectural atmosphere of the city of Rousse. Today, after long years of reconstruction, the Profitable House has turned into a cosy and modern temple of Melpomena.
The Monument of Liberty was designed by Simeon Zlatev and built at the beginning of the 20 century by the Italian sculptor and architect Arnoldo Zocchi. The monument is made of granite and bronze. The statue on top represents a female figure, who is holding a sword in her left hand, while pointing with her right hand to the direction from where the national liberators arrived. Today it’s a part of the city’s coat of arms.
The Battenberg Palace was built in the period 1879 – 1882, designed by the Viennese architect Friedrich Grunanger. Initially it was intended to be the palace of knyaz Alexander Joseph of Battenberg but it never happened. Today the building is the Regional history museum hosting around 140 000 exhibits. Among the most interesting ones are: prehistoric ceramics, treasures, finds from the Danube Roman fortress Sexaginda Prista and the medieval town of Cherven, medieval wall-paintings, glass and silver, coins, bones of prehistoric mammals and the unique mandible of Mammutus Romanos – the only one in the world, etc.
The Rousse Chamber of Commerce and Industry was built in 1911 by the architect Nikola Lazarov. Today it houses the regional library “Lyuben Karavelov”.
The Naval Tower was built in 1884 by the architect Franz Grunanger and used for meteorological observations.
The Simeonovi Brothers Bank (today DSK Bank) was built in 1895, designed by Nigohos Bedrosian.